上海市公共安全教育实训基地 | gmp建筑师事务所

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实训基地鸟瞰 © Christian Gahl


上海市公共安全教育实训基地的落成为青浦东方绿洲公园增添了一个极具吸引力的去处。实训基地由gmp·冯·格康,玛格及合伙人建筑师事务所担纲设计,基地设施可以真实模拟具有上海特点的各种灾害场景,为上海学生学习紧急避险和自我保护提供了身临其境的演练场所。基地内建筑造型根据内部功能设置发生变形,极富雕塑感,菱形的外立面金属镶板在不同的光照条件下呈现出不同的光泽,与天空和自然景观融为一体。


With the Shanghai Public Safety Education Training Base, a new attraction has been created in the Oriental Land park in Shanghai: a training center where children and young people can learn how to behave correctly in dangerous situations. In response to this special building brief, the architects von Gerkan, Marg and Partners (gmp) have designed asculptural complex of buildings. A parametrically designed facade consisting of diamond-shaped metal panels emphasizes the visual impact of the building and, depending on the angle of light, seems to merge the structure with the sky and the landscape.


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实训基地街道西南侧视角 © Christian Gahl


上海市公共安全教育实训基地所在的东方绿洲公园位于青浦区朱家角镇淀山湖东岸,距市区27公里。是上海唯一的集拓展培训、青少年社会实践、团队活动以及休闲旅游为一体的大型公园。由gmp·冯·格康,玛格及合伙人建筑师事务所担纲设计的上海市公共安全教育实训基地主要面向青少年学生开放,旨在提高提高市民安全防范意识,培养在日常生活和突发安全事件中正确的应对习惯,从而最大限度地预防自然灾害和安全事故带来的伤害。实训模块主要包括地震灾害、气象灾害、轨道交通安全、道路交通安全、消防安全、日常生活安全、防空安全、紧急救护、人员疏散等基本内容。


The Oriental Land Shanghai leisure park at the eastern shore of Lake Dianshan is located some 27 kilometers outside the city of Shanghai at Zhujiajiao in the Qingpu District. The extensive terrain in the style of a landscape park includes a range of different exhibition areas fromthe fields of science, culture, and technology in combination with a wide range of sports and leisure facilities.

 

The Shanghai Public Safety Education Training Base, designed by Architects von Gerkan, Marg and Partners, was developed inclose proximity to the technical exhibition complex: a training center where school children can learn how to behave correctly in dangerous situations. Arange of different scenarios are presented, from everyday emergencies through to natural disasters. The school children are trained in assessing dangerous situations in everyday life and to react appropriately. Subjects include the safe handling of fire, behaving correctly in road traffic, first aid in accidents, and orderly evacuation from the underground or the school bus. Natural disasters, such as earthquakes and meteorological phenomena, including tornados and thunderstorms, are presented by way of 4D simulations. In first-aid trainingthe school children learn, using a dummy, how to provide medical aid to an injured person.


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西南侧鸟瞰 © Christian Gahl

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建筑上层悬挑结构 © Christian Gahl

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建筑中庭 © Christian Gahl

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急救培训教室 © Christian Gahl


五组平行布局的条形建筑如同起伏的山脊高低错落,建筑高三层,其两端向外悬挑伸出。一座南北走向的中央大厅连接了整座建筑群。中央大厅为一座通高的中庭,首层为实训中心的集合点。每栋建筑中设有不同的实训模块,通过中央大厅和二层的环廊连接。地下层设有一座1比1模拟实景的地铁站台和一节地铁车厢模型。中央大厅与通向地下一层模拟站台通过手扶电梯和直梯连接,以便尽可能真实地模拟紧急疏散场景。


The three-story development consists of five parallel blocks that are slightly offset from each other and whose upper floors cantilever at the ends. A central main hall running from north to south connects the building blocks, thus creating an overall building complex. Themain hall has been designed as an atrium that extends through all stories and, at first-floor level, functions as a central meeting point. The different subject-specific building blocks are accessed from the lobby and the surrounding galleries. The basement has been designed in the manner of an underground station with a platform and a 1:1 scale model of an underground train. In order to replicate the real-life situation, the access routes from the atrium lobby to the underground railway station feature escalators and elevators, thus making it possible to carry out training for evacuation scenarios.


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南立面日间视角 © Christian Gahl

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南立面夜间视角 © Christian Gahl

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单体建筑交接处视野 © Christian Gahl


实训基地建筑采用钢框架结构和现浇混凝土建造。整个建筑群外立面、屋面覆盖菱形鳞片状铝板,仅有位于南北侧入口以及建筑体之间接缝处为玻璃幕墙。单体建筑交界处与内部空间等高的玻璃幕墙令来访者可以感受到室外的景色。幕墙金属镶板在日间呈现蓝灰色光泽,如同身着迷彩,令实训基地与周边环境融为一体。镶板上的孔洞为室内引入采光,同时遮蔽了换风口。菱形幕墙穿孔铝板随立面尺寸变化,最大对角线尺寸可达2米。通过参数化计算实现了对复杂几何外立面的完整覆盖,模块化和预制结构保证了建造方式和成本的经济集约。


The training center was built as an in-situconcrete skeleton building. A scale-like metal facade consisting of diamond-shaped panels covers the entire building complex; only the north and south entrances and the junctions between the blocks feature glazed facades. The room-high glazing between the building blocks provides views into the landscape, making the sequence of blocks evident to the visitor as he passes through the building. The metal panels of the facade are finished in a bluish-gray, which means that—depending on the angle of the light—the training center seems to merge with its environment as if camouflaged. Perforated panels allow light to fall into the rooms behind them and cover the ventila metal sheeting and therefore are rigid. The dimensions of the equilateral squares vary within the facade, with a maximum diameter of two meters. Parametric facade design was used to make economic serial production of the panels possible in spite of the complex geometry of the exterior envelope—an important factor given the tight budget.


设计竞赛:2013年一等奖

设计:曼哈德·冯·格康和尼古劳斯·格茨

竞赛阶段负责人:亨里希·穆勒

竞赛阶段设计团队:多米妮卡·格纳托维奇,格德门德尔·强森

实施阶段项目负责人:艾芙琳·帕奇亚妮

实施阶段设计团队:坦娅·古特纳,格德门德尔·强森,亚历山大·蒙特罗,乌里·罗斯勒,Ho-Jin Wi, 莱蒂西娅·哈克塔

中国项目管理:金湛,屈梦璇,汪琳

中方合作设计单位:同济大学建筑设计研究院

景观设计:WES 景观设计事务所

基地面积:6.5公顷

建筑面积:26,500平方米

建设周期:2016-2018


Competition 2013—1st prize

Design Meinhard von Gerkan and Nikolaus Goetze

Competition project management Hinrich Müller

Competition design team Dominika Gnatowicz, Gudmundur Jonsson

Detail design project management Evelyn Pasdzierny

Detail design team Tanja Gutena, Gudmundur Jonsson, Alexander Montero, Uli Rösler, Ho-Jin Wi, Laetizia Hackethal

Construction management team Zhan Jin, Mengxuan Qu, Lin Wang

Partner practice in China TJAD

Landscaping WES & Partner

Client Oriental Land Shanghai

Site area 6.5 ha

GFA 26,500 m²

Construction period 2016–2018


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总平面图© gmp Architekten


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首层平面© gmp Architekten


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二层平面© gmp Architekten


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横向剖面© gmp Architekten


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立面剖面,单体建筑连接处细部© gmp Architekten


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幕墙立面和剖面© gmp Architekten


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幕墙镶板和龙骨结构© gmp Architekten


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