Panzhou Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) Hospital, located one kilometer away from the central area of Panzhou Old Town with a history of more than 600 years, is one of the universal urban-level TCM hospitals in China. Chinese medicine emphasizes philosophical thinking to understand the universe believing the heals from nature land. The holistic concept and dialectical clinical thinking of Chinese medicine are gradually gaining worldwide recognition. Presenting the harmony between nature and humans in Chinese medicine theory, "Qi" is the primary material that constitutes the universe, and "Earth" is the environment in which the universe is located. Therefore, "Qi" and "Earth" are essential mediums in healing.
This project satisfied the functional needs and refined healing space with TCM concepts of "Qi" and "Earth," following the philosophy of the five elements coexist and tolerance, which encourages the interpretation with nature through plants growth, seasonal changes, and other environmental factors changes. The design team established a modern-styled therapeutic space for patients and healthcare workers to rest, relax and meditate utilizing local materials.
The only hospital located in the Panzhou Old City had to provide healthcare services for the surrounding area covered 200 thousand people. The lack of healthcare service called an emergency need in constructing a new hospital to provide medical resources with therapeutic gardens. The massive building structure of the Panzhou TCM hospital left disconnected and fragmented green spaces throughout the site. How to increase the accessibility and connection of green spaces under the dramatic elevation differences on site came to be one of the significant challenges.
The Sand Gardenis the largest garden space in the project. With minimal intervention, the largest greenery is released between the buildings. Through the use ofmiscellaneous woods, sand and stones, it conveys the beauty of nature andemphasizes that people are in the natural mountains and forests. The principle of time adaptation to growth.
In terms of materials, local natural materials are used in large quantities: rock plate,dry wall, gravel and landscape stone. In terms of plants, natural wild andlow-maintenance plants such as Ma Sakura Dan, green iris and jade belt grassare selected to create a plain and affinity place.
Theinter-building garden is located in the enclosed space between the outpatient building and the negative floor of the medical technology building. This spaceis a typical garden visually. Designers place green plants in the center of the garden. With the change of sunshine, plants will also form different light and shadow postures, so that people can feel the healing effect of natural changes.
The site has good day-lighting conditions. In the garden design,clean lawn and gravel pavement are mainly used to form the space base, lush flower border and tree shade, so as to encourage people to communicate and talkmore.
The five terrace gardens are located on the east and west sides of the second and fourth floors of the medical and technical building and the south and north sides of the Sanatorium. The gardens are planted with a variety of plants, including endless summer, agapanthus, Ophiopogon japonicus, sage, golden leaf calamus and rosemary Incense and so on. The garden provides wooden benches for rest, and patients can draw natural strength from the rich plant community.
At the center of the garden is an array of lamp posts, which are notonly the main lighting of the garden, but also the interpretation of the traditional Chinese medicine symbol "acupuncture". When warm light illuminates the garden, this garden becomes the most desirable place in theentire area.
There is a height difference of 10 meters between the outpatient building and themunicipal road. Under the demand that the central axis can ensure the directaccess of the main entrance, the barrier free ramps and stage steps are occluded and arranged on both sides to form five interspersed table spaces,creating an open green ladder garden for people to communicate.
As one of China's important traditional cultural symbols, TCM embodies the long-standing concept and practical experience of health preservation of the Chinese nation. The design team hopes to interpret the therapeutic landscape following the TCM philosophy of "Qi" and "Earth," providing a brand-new healing space for residents in Panzhou.