苏州奥林匹克体育中心 | gmp建筑师事务所

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苏州奥林匹克体育中心鸟瞰 © Christian Gahl

由冯·格康,玛格及合伙人建筑设计事务所(gmp)执笔设计的苏州奥林匹克体育中心于2018年6月正式落成,并向公众开放。在占地约60公顷的体育公园内,已建成一座体育场,一座游泳馆,一座室内体育馆和一座商业广场。建筑群弧形屋面的合奏重唱,形成了独特的城市区域新地标。其中体育场屋顶为目前东亚最大的单层索膜结构,游泳馆屋顶实现了单层索网结构,在中国均为首例。

The Olympic Sports Center in Suzhou, built to a design by Architects von Gerkan, Marg and Partners (gmp), has now opened. In a 60 hectare publicly accessible landscape park, a stadium, training and leisure pool, indoor arena, and shopping center have been completed. For the very first time in China, a single-skin cable network roof construction has been used to cover the large sports buildings. With their curved roofs, the buildings form a distinct ensemble and a new center of that part of the city.

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苏州奥林匹克体育中心鸟瞰 © Christian Gahl

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远眺建筑群 © 曾江河

苏州在中国享有园林城市之盛誉,其中九处古典园林被联合国教科文组织认定为世界文化遗产。苏州奥林匹克体育中心的规划设计,亦秉承了古典园林的建筑艺术,营造了一个充满活力的全开放式体育公园,以现代手法诠释园林意韵。在2012年7月开始的全球建筑方案竞赛中,gmp的设计方案中标,并作为苏州奥林匹克体育中心的总体方案设计及各专项设计控制协调方,于2013年3月正式进行深化设计。

Suzhou is known in China as a garden city. Nine of its historic gardens have been awarded UNESCO World Heritage status. Unsurprisingly, the design of the Olympic Sports Center took its cue from these Chinese landscape gardens. gmp's proposal won the international competition, which starts from July 2012. As the overall designer and coordinator ofall disciplinary design,  the design development began in March 2013.


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体育场与游泳馆鸟瞰 © 曾江河

在多重混合功能的体育中心内,公园绿地和水体围绕着四座单体建筑,分别是:一座约45000座、跨度达250米的可举办大型体育竞技和演艺活动的体育场,一座约3000座、配备了竞技比赛与健身娱乐功能的游泳馆,一座拥有约13000座的兼具体育比赛与与文娱演出的室内体育馆,及一座带有酒店塔楼的商业广场。体育公园南侧紧邻斜塘河,蜿蜒于景观之中的小径提供了观望水景、体育建筑群和公园景观的不同视角,移步易景。

The result is a lively sports and citizens’ park with a pleasing mixture of functions, including four large buildings amongst green spaces and water features: the stadium with a capacity of 45,000 and a span of 250 meters, the aquatics center with 3,000 seats, the indoor arena with 15,000 seats, and the shopping center.  To the south the park opens out to the Xietang River and, along winding pathways, provides various vistas across waterways, the architecture, and landscape.

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基座上视角 © Christian Gahl

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基座可由沿水一侧道路到达 © Christian Gahl

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体育场效果图 © gmp Architects

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形态生成逻辑图解 © gmp Architects

建筑群的极简主义设计风格削减了巨大的体量感,建筑造型优雅而不张扬。12米高的基座犹如半岛一般,上承建筑,下接景观,与水面一侧的道路相连。基座外立面通长的石材和铝板构成的水平线条简介而有力。游泳馆的屋顶实现了中国首个单层索网结构,最终演绎成为弧线弯曲的抛物面,坐落在V形支撑构件上;体育场屋顶覆盖PTFE膜,采用单层索膜结构。优美弧线型的场馆屋顶如同亭阁楼榭的飞檐,形成景观区的制高点。近观远眺,都构成极富特色的体育建筑群。

The design of the building ensemble is deliberately minimalist in style and the individual buildings appear restrained despite their size. The 12 meter high podiums project into the parkland like peninsulas, and are accessed from the road. The podiums and the facades feature horizontal lines in light natural stone and aluminum panels that are sculpted like a relief. In their construction the buildings are uniformly developed. For the first time in China, a single-skin cable network roof construction has been used to cover the large sports buildings. This results in boldly sweeping paraboloid shells that rest on V-shaped supports and can be seen not just in the immediate neighborhood but also from further afield. The stadium roof is covered by a PTFE membrane, whereas the roofs of the aquatics center and indoor arena are finished with metal sheets consisting of a durable aluminum/magnesium/manganese alloy. 

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体育场入口 © 曾江河

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体育场开幕足球赛现场 © 曾江河

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体育场屋顶细部 © Christian Gahl

商业广场设有购物、办公及酒店等配套服务功能,是对三座体育建筑的补充,同时增加了整个园区的休闲娱乐氛围。体育公园内设有跑步道、骑行道、轮滑场、足球场,篮球场等多种运动设施,由于这种面向公众的多方位运营理念,苏州奥林匹克体育中心已迅速成为未来中国大型体育中心规划设计的典范,集体育竞技、观演娱乐、商业休闲于一体,成为市民喜爱的新城区中心。

A shopping center with offices and a hotel supplements the three sports buildings, and contributes to the liveliness of the entire site. The park area contains a wide range of open sports facilities for football, tennis, and other ball sports that can be hired privately. Thanks to this multifaceted use concept, the Olympic Sports Center has quickly become a template for the design of other sports facilities in China and has become an attractive neighborhood center.

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马鞍形建筑体与倒影相映成趣 © Christian Gahl

设计竞赛:2013年 第一名

设计:曼哈德·冯·格康,尼古劳斯·格茨以及玛德琳·唯斯

竞赛阶段负责人:陈缨,塞巴斯蒂安·施密德

竞赛阶段设计团队:封陈杰,马丁·弗里德里希,傅荷清,高庶三,金湛,李肇颖,严律己,张真,赵梦桐,朱伶莉,李沐,克里斯蒂娜·帕特

实施阶段负责人:严律己,隋锦赢,陈缨

实施阶段设计团队:纳德·布伊斯,陈竞成,傅荷清,华悦,黄梦,孔晡虹,李晨,李肇颖,奥利弗·卢瑟,钱烈,塞巴斯蒂安·施密德,巴斯蒂安·邵茨,苏文,王敏宇,姚尧,曾子,赵梦桐,李超,王轶群,张博维,朱丽文

中国项目管理:蔡磊,宋沫,汪琳,蔡星

结构设计:施莱希·贝格曼及合伙人工程师事务所

幕墙顾问:华纳工程咨询有限公司

景观设计:WES景观设计事务所

中方合作设计单位:上海建筑设计研究院

项目管理:AECOM

业主:苏州奥体中心管理有限公司

 

建筑面积:约372,000 m²

体育场座位数:约45,000座

体育馆座位数:约13,000座

游泳馆座位数:约3,000座

停车位:约3300个

酒店客房:267间

方案及深化设计:2012/7-2018/6

建设周期:2014/1-2018/6


Competition 2013 1st Prize

Design Meinhard von Gerkan amd Nikolaus Goetze with Magdalene Weiss

Project Leaders Competition Chen Ying, Sebastian Schmidt

Team Competition  Feng Chenjie, Martin Friedrich, Alex C. Fu, Gao Shusan, Jin Zhan, LiZ haoying, Yan Lyuji, Zhang Zhen, Zhao Mengtong, Zhu Lingli, Li Mu, Christina Patt

Project Leaders Construction Yan Lyuji, Sui Jingying, Chen Ying

Team Construction Nard Buijs, Chen Jingcheng, Alex C. Fu, Hua Yue, Huang Meng, Kong Buhong, LiChen, Li Zhaoying, Oliver Loesser, Qian Lie, Sebastian Schmidt, Bastian Scholz, Su Wen, Wang Minyu, Yao Yao, Zeng Zi, Zhao Mengtong, Li Chao, Wang Yiqun, Zhang Bowei, Zhu Liwen

Project Management China Cai Lei, Song Mo, Wang Lin, Cai Xing

Structural Design  schlaich bergermann und partner (sbpGmbH)

Facade Consultant  SuP Ingenieure GmbH

Landscape design WES GmbH Landschafts Architektur

Partner Office China Shanghai Institute of Architectural Design & Research Co., Ltd.

Project Management AECOM

Client Suzhou Olympic Sports Centre Co., Ltd

 

GrossFloor Area 372,000 m²

Stadium Seats approx. 45.000

Indoor Arena Seats approx. 13,000

Swimming Pool Seats approx. 3,000

Parking Space approx. 3,300

Hotel Room 267

Design Period 2012/7-2018/6

Construction Period 2014/1-2018/6


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体育中心总平面图 © WES

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体育场一层平面图 © gmp Architects


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体育场剖面图 © gmp Architects


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体育场立面图 © gmp Architects

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体育馆一层平面图 © gmp Architects


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体育馆剖面图 © gmp Architects

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游泳馆一层平面图 © gmp Architects

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游泳馆剖面图 © gmp Architects


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商业中心一层平面图 © gmp Architects

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商业中心剖面图 © gmp Architects


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