Dahua Qingshuiwan Demonstration Zone is located in Hedong District, Tianjin, bordering north Yueya River in the east and Wandong Road in the west. It has rich landscape resources and natural water systems close to the site. At the same time, it has perfect surrounding supporting facilities and convenient transportation.
This project aims to uphold the traditional culture of the city, incorporate Tianjin cultural elements on the basis of modern architectural design techniques, and create a building that can carry Tianjin's culture and art.
The outline of the site is a rectangle from west to east. The east side is adjacent to the riverside walkway, and the west side is connected with the urban road-Wandong Road by a child theme park. The demonstration area and the theme park echo each other and present the cultural elements of Tianjin.
Opera originated in the Spring and Autumn Period, flourished in the Tang and Song Dynasties, and reached its peak in modern times. Due to its own cultural and geographical environment, Tianjin is also known as the hometown of Chinese opera. Tianjin and opera complement each other. Tianjin tolerates and nurtures opera, and opera is integrated into Tianjin and becomes part of Tianjin.The most impressive thing in opera is the unique costume of opera-water sleeves. In this proposal, we extracted this element and incorporated it into the facade design of the building.
The three-story building volume takes the opera element "water sleeve" as the main body of the facade. In order to maximize the expression of the concept of opera water sleeve, we did not carry out complex spatial cutting of the building, thus retaining a large area of flat facade space is integrated with the design elements. In the façade design process, we first set up prominent spaces on the façade to enrich the inner layers, and at the same time create the building entrance space and the outdoor gray space on the first floor, and use the triangular diagonal curtain wall design on the unexposed facade on the second floor. The technique can not only enrich the elements of the facade, but also guide the sight of the people in the building, and maximize the utilization of the river landscape through the sight. The landscape design element of the parent-child park also adopts the "water sleeve" element, forming a "softness and rigidity" contrast with the building facade through softly curved surface elements.
An entrance gray space is created through the facade design elements of the sleeves, the facade is divided into two parts, and the two parts are passed through the side curtain wall.
The overhanging façade creates a gray space for the exterior of the first floor, and provides space for people to visit and rest around the exterior of the building, increasing the display area of the demonstration area.
The side of the protruding space of the façade adopts a glass curtain wall, which not only provides a better river view for the upper space, but also allows a certain line of sight communication between the second-floor space and the lower space.
In the transition method between the upper and lower floors of the façade, we use the technique of lateral glass curtain wall to enrich the façade elements. At the same time, we use the triangular lateral glass curtain wall to guide the indoor sight and maximize the use of the landscape advantages of the North Crescent River.
In order to re-emphasize the integration of architecture and opera elements, we use lights to emphasize and portray the primary color of "water sleeves", and use facade lights to highlight facade elements. Against the backdrop of the facade lighting, the proportional curtain wall elements of the upper and lower spaces are transparent compared to the "water sleeve" elements, which emphasize the main body.
Taking into account the need for supporting property housing space after the demonstration area, while retaining the original buildings on the largest scale and the alignment of the landscape design, it is planned to add 5 floors of space to the demonstration area building (2 floors) as property housing. The purpose of this is to minimize the amount of demolition and modification without destroying the expected planning, direct construction, and direct use of materials to avoid waste.
The exterior façade sets a minimalist style, mainly combining glass, ceramic tiles, and transfer aluminum plates, and incorporates the themes of traditional Chinese opera through modern design techniques.
The main material of the facade is mainly glass and white ceramic tiles. The first floor is a transparent floor-to-ceiling glass curtain wall. The second floor uses ceramic tiles and transfer aluminum panels as the outer skin. The third floor is the roof layer. In order to make the building more coordinated, The glass curtain wall is used as the enclosure to coordinate the overall proportion.
摄 影 山兮建筑空间摄影 陈远祥