(BIM) 建筑信息模拟在设计发展中处于前沿和中心位置
阅读:3605 2020-07-25

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The familiar sounds of a construction site is the background music to any city.   However, the global Covid-19 pandemic has meant that, like many other projects across the United Kingdom, Edinburgh was quiet and still as site activities on the £1 billion Edinburgh St James project were suspended, for 12-weeks, with work on-site starting again in mid-June.

熟悉的施工现场声音通常是每个城市的背景音乐。但是,由于全球新型冠状病毒的传播,这一切发生了改变。如同英国其他城市一样,爱丁堡也变得安静,很多项目都暂停。耗资10亿英镑的爱丁堡圣詹姆斯项目被暂停了12周,目前项目已从六月中旬开始恢复施工状态。


But as the city remained quiet, interestingly detailed design and manufacture of key components continued apace on this key development for Edinburgh during lockdown.   Digital collaboration gave designers, engineers and contractors an opportunity to seize something good from the crisis.   The approach of the project team, its decision-making processes and the adoption of the latest technology meant that the development of Edinburgh St James was uniquely placed to transition to a ‘business as usual’ approach for design development and coordination during the lockdown.     

但有趣的是,城市虽然保持安静,在停工期间,爱丁堡这一关键开发项目设计师们依然对项目的重要部分进行详细的设计和改造。数字化协作作为新的方式为设计师,工程师以及承包商从此次危机中提供了一个非常好的协作机会。从项目团队解决问题的方法,到决策流程以及最新技术的采用,这也意味着爱丁堡圣詹姆斯的开发项目具有独特的优势,可以在隔离依然保持一个“常规”方法进行设计工作和协调工作。


As a result of restrictions onsite, designers and engineers have been relying more heavily on digital collaboration tools, and the use of Building Information Modelling (BIM) has never been more necessary.  Integrated digital-twin solutions are also being developed to be used end to end, from project concept to commissioning.   

由于现场限制的关系,设计人员和工程师利用数字协作工具的机会也越来越多,因此建筑信息模型(BIM)成了此次合作的关键。从项目概念到后期修改调试,数字映射的解决方案也正在开发中,以达到每个客户端同步使用。


BDP Glasgow Studio is the lead consultant and technical architect for the design of Edinburgh St James, Nuveen Real Estate’s iconic development, and is delivering the master plan as part of the Laing O’Rourke construction team. 

BDP格拉斯哥工作室是爱丁堡圣詹姆斯项目的首席顾问和技术架构师,这个项目是Nuveen房地产的标志性开发项目。同时BDP也作为Laing O’Rourke施工团队的一部分,为项目提供总体规划。


Chris Hughes, Architect Associate, BDP Glasgow Studio, has worked on large projects using BIM over the last eight years, during which time there has been a noticeable development in the size, scale and complexity of projects.   

BDP格拉斯哥工作室的建筑师副总监Chris Hughes在过去八年中一直使用在大型项目中使用BIM,在使用BIM期间,项目的规模大小和复杂程度都有了显著的提高。


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“BDP’s BIM working practises had been progressively refined over a series of projects gradually increasing in scale and complexity. Silverburn shopping centre phase 3 in Glasgow, completed in 2015, was the final step in refining this process and validated that a large-scale shopping experience for the 21st century could be designed and delivered using the fully integrated BIM environment. 

“ BDP的BIM工作实践已在一系列项目中逐步完善,这些项目的规模大小和复杂性逐渐优化。格拉斯哥的Silverburn购物中心最后一阶段的设计(第三阶段)已于2015年完成,这个项目验证了我们可以使用完全集成的BIM设计和完成21世纪的大型购物商场设计。


“This focus on a collaborative working environment with all information being shared digitally was the perfect experience needed for the larger and more complex project at Edinburgh St James and ultimately led to BDP being the first architectural practice in Scotland to gain BIM level 2 certification.  

“在爱丁堡圣詹姆斯这个大型项目上所运用的数字化工作内容以及对数字化信息的共享,对设计师的设计工作来说是一次完美的体验,该项目使BDP成为苏格兰首家获得BIM 2级认证的建筑事务所。


“The great strides made over the last decade to refine working practices in a BIM environment are ideally suited to how we now need to work to within the socially distanced protocols,” Chris adds. 

克里斯补充说:“过去十年来在BIM环境中完善工作实践所取得的巨大进步非常符合我们现在的需求,这可以帮助我们学习如何在与社会保持社交距离的同时进行有效工作。”


Edinburgh St James is in the final stages of detailed design. The supply chain is in place and fully engaged, and construction is underway across all areas of the development.  

爱丁堡圣詹姆斯目前处于详细设计的最后阶段。供应链均已到位并充分参与配合,各个领域都在有效建设中。


“The Edinburgh St James team has created a virtual simulation of the site, fusing Design for Manufacture and Assembly (DFMA) grade models, design intent models and point cloud survey data, to create a digital twin that contains as existing, as built, as fabricated and as proposed information. 

“负责爱丁堡圣詹姆斯项目的设计团队已经创建了该项目站点的虚拟化建设,这包括制造和装配设计(DFMA)等级模型,将设计意图模型和点云调查数据融合在一起,以创建一个包含现有,已建以及未来要形成的信息化模型。


“This digital twin is reviewed remotely by all parties thus allowing emerging proposals to be interrogated and tested in three dimensions before further fabrication takes place.  We have clear process and guidance and are confident with the digital resilience strategies in place. The digital twin also facilitates virtual inspections, thus avoiding the need to physically visit the site. The project employs a cloud based virtual reality capturing system, like the one used in Google Maps.  This allows users to interrogate the sequence of construction works. 

“这个数字映射受到了各方的远程审查,因此在进行进一步制作之前,各方可以对项目提案做出不同方面的审核和测试。我们拥有清晰的操作和指导流程,并对数字弹性策略充满信心。数字映射还有助于进行虚拟检查测试,避免了去实地考察测试的问题。该项目采用了基于线上的虚拟现实捕获系统,类似于谷歌地图中使用的系统。这允许用户可以随时访问该建筑工程的修建工作。


Chris Hughes, Architect Associate, BDP Glasgow Studio

克里斯·休斯(Chris Hughes),BDP格拉斯哥工作室 建筑副总监    


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