汉堡易北河桥新地铁站正式落成通车 | gmp

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新建地铁站和易北河铁桥 © Marcus Bredt


新建汉堡地铁4号线易北河桥站已于2018年12月6日举行了竣工典礼。车站建筑由gmp·冯·格康,玛格及合伙人建筑师事务所与施莱西·贝格曼工程师事务所(sbp)联合设计。易北河桥地铁站位于汉堡港口新城易北河桥之上,其引人注目的钢结构屋面构成了港口新城东侧的收尾。2018年12月7日地铁站将正式通车,届时市民可以在崭新的站台上领略港口新城蓬勃发展的全景视野。

 

On December 6, 2018, the new Elbbrücken Underground station of the U4 line was ceremonially opened. The station was designed by architects von Gerkan, Marg and Partners (gmp) in cooperation with the structural engineers schlaich bergermann partner (sbp). Located at the Elbbrücken bridges at the end of the new HafenCity district, the Underground station with its conspicuous roof construction is a milestone in the development of HafenCity. From December 7, 2018, all visitors to HafenCity can, for the first time, arrive at the new stop and view the growing HafenCity vista from the platform at the Elbe River.


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 易北河南岸视角夜景 © Marcus Bredt


港口新城是汉堡城市都会区域内重要的城市扩展更新项目。新“易北河桥”社区坐落于巴肯码头尽端,未来将发展成为港口新城的附属中心,同时构成了港口新城东部的收尾。连接市区和港口新城的地铁4号线将延长至易北河桥站,未来这里还将兴建城铁站,为居民提供多元的公共交通出行方式。地铁站、城铁站上层建筑和连接其间的空中走廊均由gmp建筑师事务所执笔设计,并将依次建成。

 

HafenCity is the most important urban expansion area of the growing Hamburg metropolis. Forming an urban center at the end of the Baakenhafen basin, the new Elbbrücken district will close off HafenCity to the east. In order to connect the area tothe local public transport system, the U4 Underground line has been extended to the Elbbrücken where, in combination with the future rapid transit railway (S-Bahn) station, an attractive interchange will be created. The Underground station, the roof of the S-Bahn station, and the connecting skywalk were designed by gmp and will be built in successive stages.


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车站上层空间视野 © Marcus Bredt

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 站台尽头观景平台 © Marcus Bredt

易北河桥地铁站的独特性在于,地铁进站将从地下行驶上地面,与易北河桥位于同一高度平行停靠。车站位于易北河畔显要位置,周边在未来将形成高密度居住社区,车站建筑将成为社区的地标。车站构造延续了易北河铁桥历史风貌,波浪式连续钢桁拱结构和鱼腹梁共同决定了建筑独特的精神气质——以具有时代特色的结构语言对历史悠久但仍富于活力的桥梁结构予以重新诠释。屋面十字交叉式的框架构造强调了秩序感和稳定性。钢结构裸露于外侧,玻璃构件悬挂于其内,支承结构得以浓墨重彩的呈现,在美学上致敬了其近旁的易北河铁桥。地铁站站台屋面两端延续了菱形钢结构,形成引人注目的挑空雨篷,赋予车站现代交通建筑轻盈的流线造型。

 

A special feature of the new Underground station is the fact that the railway track emerges from underground and continues above ground in parallel to the Elbbrücken bridges. Here, the architecture of the station will be a conspicuous focal point in the midst of the high-density urban center of the new district. In its highly exposed urban position on the River Elbe, in dialog with the Elbbrücken bridges, the design utilizes the technical possibilities available today to continue the theme of the imposing steel constructions of the past: the sweeping steel arches of the Freihafenelbbrücken and the “fish beams” of the Neue Elbbrücken.

 

The roof construction with its ellipsoidal arch profile is created from crossing arched steel frames. The twisted steel beams are arranged to form a diamond-shaped grid pattern in which the individual arches stabilize each other. The structural members are outside the envelope—the glazing being supported on the inside—thereby achieving a conspicuous presence in the cityscape, creating anesthetic response to the adjacent Elbbrücken bridges. At both ends of the structure, the roof—following the diamond pattern—comes forward to a point that gives the station its dynamic flair, befitting a modern infrastructure building.


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 地铁站夜间照明效果 © Marcus Bredt

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 屋面结构 © Marcus Bredt


位于不同层面的进站层、站台和两座站台天桥通过楼梯、自动扶梯和直梯连接。顶层的钢结构栈桥未来将与通向城铁站的空中走廊相连接。易北河桥地铁站是建筑学和工程学的完美结合,呈现了视觉效果与功能空间的高度统一。三维几何造型由gmp·冯·格康,玛格及合伙人建筑师事务所和施莱西·贝格曼工程师事务所(sbp)在设计竞赛初期共同提出,经汉堡地铁股份集团选中并最终得以实现。

 

The different levels of the ticket hall, the platforms, and the two bridges for crossing the tracks are accessed via staircases, escalators, and elevators. The top steel bridge provides access to the skywalk that will connect the Underground station with the S-Bahn station. In this project, architecture and structural engineering are closely interconnected; the synthesis of these two disciplinesis mandatory for the optimal development of such a project. The three-dimensional geometry was developed by gmp—Architects von Gerkan, Marg and Partners in cooperation with structural engineers schlaich bergermann partner already at the competition stage of the design, which was selected for construction by Hamburger Hochbahn AG.

 

设计竞赛:2013年一等奖

设计:福尔克温·玛格和于尔根·希尔默以及施特凡妮·约布什

竞赛阶段负责人:施特凡妮·约布什

竞赛阶段设计人员:博恩德·科特奇博,阿西姆·瓦格勒,卡娅·梅茨格

实施阶段负责人:施特凡妮·约布什

实施阶段代理项目负责人:博恩德·科特奇博

实施阶段设计人员:亨德里克·温特,雷娜塔·蒂帕,苯迪克斯·福尔达,妮科拉·耶帕

工程管理:雷蒙德·金斯基,克里斯蒂安·克莱涅,安德烈亚斯·舒尔茨,托斯滕·亨茨,卡娅·波士曼

结构设计:施莱西·贝格曼工程师事务所(sbp)

照明设计:conceptlicht

业主: Hamburger Hochbahn AG

建设周期:2016-2018

建筑面积:3750 m²

建筑长度/宽度/屋面高度:约136m /约32 m /约16.25 m

屋面面积:约5985m²

 

Competition 2013—1st prize

Design Volkwin Marg and Jürgen Hillmer with Stephanie Joebsch

Competition project management Stephanie Joebsch

Competition design team Bernd Kottsieper, Achim Wangler, Katja Mezger

Detail design project management Stephanie Joebsch

Deputy project management, detail design Bernd Kottsieper

Detail design team Hendrik Winter, Renata Dipper, Bendix Fulda, Nicola Jeppel

Construction management Raimund Kinski, Christian Kleiner, Andreas Schulz, Torsten Hinz, Katja Poschmann

Structural design schlaich bergermann partner (sbp)

Lighting design Conceptlicht

Client Hamburger Hochbahn AG

Construction period 2016–2018

GFA 3,750 m²

Length/width/height of roof approx. 136 m / 32 m / 16.25 m

Roof area approx.5,985m²

 

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总平面图 © gmp Architekten


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纵向剖面 © gmp Architekten


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车站天桥层平面 © gmp Architekten

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横向剖面 © gmp Architekten


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屋面钢结构轴侧示意 © sbp


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钢结构柱脚节点 © sbp


冯·格康,玛格及合伙人建筑师事务所(gmp)


曼哈德·冯·格康,福尔克温·玛格1965年所创立的建筑师联合事务所目前有三位合伙人,一位中国区合伙人,十一位项目合伙人,500多名员工,分布于十一个办公地点,在国内和国际积极地从事建筑设计工作。gmp是少数进行全方位设计的建筑师事务所之一,其对建筑项目从方案设计到施工建造直至室内装修全面负责。


Architects von Gerkan, Marg and Partners (gmp)


The architects’ practice gmp was formed in 1965 by Meinhard von Gerkan and VolkwinMarg. The practice now has three additional partners, one partner for China,and eleven associated partners. With over 500 members of staff distributed across eleven offices, gmp is active in Germany and abroad. gmp is one of the few practices with a generalist design approach, taking on responsibility for a projectfrom its outline design idea through to the construction and interior design.

 

施莱西·贝格曼工程师事务所(sbp)


拥有30年执业经验的施莱西·贝格曼工程师事务所(sbp)作为独立的工程咨询公司,高水平的建筑结构设计是其最主要的业务内容。sbp与业主、建筑师和设计师们伙伴式的工作方式使得他们在合作中创造了众多优秀的建筑作品。其中包括大跨度结构、轻型屋顶承重结构、各种桥梁工程、高塔和创新的高层建筑,甚至超前的太阳能发电厂。

 

schlaich bergermann partner (sbp)


The independent consulting engineers of schlaich bergermann partner (sbp) have been responsible for the design and construction of complex buildings for more than 30 years. In cooperation with all those involved in the design—clients, architects, specialist engineers, industrial companies, and contractors—sbp creates lightweight roof structures with large spans, many types of bridges, slender towers, innovative buildings through to forward-looking solar powerstations.

 

gmp与sbp成功合作的历史


gmp与sbp的合作始于八十年代,他们共同谱写的成功合作历史基于复杂多变的大型结构与历史的审慎对话。双方首次合作就实现了在历史遗迹上进行创新设计:柏林奥林匹克体育场加建屋顶项目获奖无数,华沙、布加勒斯特与法兰克福的体育场则证明了他们在复杂结构体系与可开合屋顶施工方面的能力。在全球范围内,两家公司合作为欧洲杯及世界杯建造了诸多比赛场馆。在一次次对话中诞生了各种适用于大跨度屋顶的轻型承重结构,为体育场、会展中心、火车站和机场带来全新的空间体验与功能布局。易北河桥地铁站独一无二的屋面结构将成为又一个精彩的实例。

 

gmp and sbp—a success story


The architects of gmp and the engineers of sbp share many years of experience working on numerous projects. Amongst the numerous stadiums for UEFA Europeanand FIFA World Cups, the two practices have jointly completed the new roofs forthe Olympic Stadium in Berlin as well as for the stadiums in Warsaw, Bucharest,and Frankfurt. The complex loadbearing structures of the unique wide-spanningroof structure of the Elbbrücken Underground station could only be created in adialog between architects and structural engineers.

 

汉堡地铁股份集团(HOCHBAHN)


汉堡地铁股份集团(HOCHBAHN)成立于1911年,为汉堡地铁和公共汽车交通运营公司,每日客运量达到百万。作为汉堡城市交通最大运营商,汉堡地铁股份集团拥有5000名员工,负责汉堡市55%的公交车和城铁线路运营。

 

HOCHBAHN


Hamburger Hochbahn AG (HOCHBAHN) was formed in 1911 and, with its vehicle fleet of Underground trains and buses, transports over a million passengers daily. With about 5,000 members of staff and providing about 55 percent of the bus and rapidtransit services in the Hamburg city area, HOCHBAHN is the largest transport company in the area covered by the HVV transport organization.


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