新加坡双溪布洛湿地自然保护区 | 安博戴水道
阅读:2828 2020-08-25

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湿地保护区© Ramboll Studio Dreiseitl


双溪布洛湿地自然保护区位于新加坡西北部,面积达161公顷,有大片的原始森林,是新加坡指定的第一个湿地保护区,也是新加坡最大最完整的红树林湿地保护区。

 

The Sungei Buloh Wetlands Reserve (SBWR) is a nature reserve located in the northwest areaof Singapore,covering an area of 161 hectares.It is the first Wetlands reserve to be gazetted in Singapore in the year 2002.


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湿地保护区位于新加坡西北部© Ramboll Studio Dreiseitl

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平面图 © Ramboll Studio Dreiseitl


安博戴水道设计团队从多元化和可持续的角度出发,对场地进行更有价值的重建。我们的发展战略是围绕双溪布洛湿地公园形成生物多样性走廊,更好地平衡人类对自然敏感区域的干扰,在环境、社会和经济的可持续发展方面给出一个高质量的解决方案。


项目建成后荣获亚太地区国际景观设计师协会(IFLA)杰出景观奖新加坡景观协会(SILA)金奖,新加坡未来城市奖


Ramboll Studio Deriseitl adheres to the biophilic design concept, and comprehensively considers the encounter and interaction between humans and wildlife. The strategy is to link up the pockets of nature around SBWR to form a biodiversity corridor, to better balance human impact on nature through sensitive zoning and careful visitor leading, to have a high quality interpretation programme and toreach for sustainability on environmental, social and economic fronts. 


After the project was completed, it won the Outstanding Landscape Award of the International Association of Landscape Architects in Asia Pacific (IFLA),the Singapore Landscape Association (SILA) Gold Award and Singapore Future City Award.


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红树林和栈道© Ramboll Studio Dreiseitl


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保护区分区© Ramboll Studio Dreiseitl


双溪布洛湿地自然保护区在东亚到澳洲候鸟迁徙的路线上,被“国际湿地”组织(Wetlands International)评为全球重要的候鸟栖息地,被收录到东亚-澳洲水鸟站点网络中,并于2003年被列为东盟遗产公园。安博戴水道秉承生物友好型设计理念,在设计中将人与野生生物之间的相遇和互动综合考虑。

 

Its global importance as a stop-over point for migratory birds was also recognized by the Wetlands International's inclusion of the reserve into the East Asian Australasian Shorebird Site Network. The reserve was listed as an ASEAN Heritage Park in 2003.The main objective for the master plan is to seamlessly integrate the encounters and interactions between the human and the wildlife through the environment-conscious design.

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观察站© Ramboll Studio Dreiseitl


设计不同形式的观察站使人可以近距离观察湿地动物。其中独立型观察站具有通向主要观测平台的中央螺旋楼梯,集群类型观察站则以组合形式出现。

 

 There are two tapes of the observation poddesign. A single pod type with a central spiral staircase leading up to themain observation platform and a cluster type.


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林间观察站© Ramboll Studio Dreiseitl

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海边观察站© Ramboll Studio Dreiseitl


独立型观察站,游客可以通过中央螺旋楼梯通向主要观测平台,一览无余自然保护区和大海景观。


A singlepod type with a central spiral staircase leading up to the main observationplatform to give visitors unobstructed views of the reserve and the sea.


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集群类型湿地观察站© Ramboll Studio Dreiseitl


集群式观察站其中两个观察舱在不同高度,可让轮椅使用者进入,从而使游客可以在不同的环境气氛下观察各种鸟类。


Parts ofthe Cluster-type pods with two observation pods at different elevations aremade wheelchair-accessible by an experiential boardwalk to allow visitors toobserve various types of birds under different environmental atmospheres.


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红树林环路上的蜻蜓小径© Ramboll Studio Dreiseitl

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在沿海环路©Ramboll Studio Dreiseitl


自然步道将成为双溪布洛湿地公园的核心区吸引成批的游客,提供更多的服务,例如导游、教育科普、自然观察等。有些栈道为游客提供了观看自然保护区和大海的一览无余的视野,有些栈道可以俯瞰淡水池塘,甚至瞥见蜻蜓和豆娘。


Nature Trail will take the bulk of visitors, as the core of Sungei Buloh Wetland Reserve caters to more controlled activities, e.g. guided tours,supervised programmes. While thesome loop offer visitors an unobstructed view of the reserve and the sea, thispod overlooks a freshwater pond where one can glimpse dragonflies and damselflies.

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为居民和游客提供更多的休闲空间©Ramboll Studio Dreiseitl


双溪布洛湿地设计注重可持续性和自然保护区的生物多样性价值,同时提升该区域的社区价值。将保护区周边区域作为湿地公园功能属性的补充,为居民和游客提供更多的休闲娱乐设施。


NParks has conceptualized the Master Plan to enhance the value of SBWR to the community. The Master Plan is designed for sustainability – the core of the nature reserve will be managed for its biodiversity values, while the fringes of the reserve will be managed for enhanced recreational use.

 

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自然步道©Ramboll Studio Dreiseitl


Kranji自然步道的设计可以让儿童从双溪布洛湿地中学习到关于森林、湖泊、红树林、海洋这四个关于自然保护区的基本知识。我们希望通过双溪布洛湿地保护区的重建为这里的游客带来新鲜感,同时对自然区的保护也让人们可以记住红树林是新加坡自然遗产的一部分。更重要的是唤起人们对自然保护区强大的情感依恋。

 

The Kranji Nature Trail is designed to be a habitat walk aimedat educating children about four basic habitats found at the Sungei Buloh Wetland Reserve, namely : Forest, Lake, Mangrove, Sea. It is hoped that theproposed redevelopment of Sungei Buloh Wetland Reserve will bestow a renewedsense of wonder on visitors and perhaps a sense of nostalgia for those oldenough to remember that mangroves were a part of Singapore natural heritage. What is more important is that all individuals be imbued with a sense of care for the Wetland Reserve, and this is certainly the most powerful emotional attachment of all.

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探险小径©Ramboll Studio Dreiseitl


在青少年探险径上,孩子们可以乘坐滑轮船穿越红树林河,也可以通过走在插入水中的木桩上来体验在红树林的螃蟹和跳跳鱼的生活。


At the Junior Adventure Trail, kids can compete by crossing the mangrove river on a pulley boat and experience the life of a crab or mudskipperin the mangroves by ducking under prop roots and leaping amongst pencil roots.


在新加坡这是第一次游客可以在低潮期时走在滩涂地上,去更亲密的接触生活在滩涂里的生物。在编织网上漫步可以模仿在泥泞滩涂中行走,而更喜欢冒险的人可以选择走下浮动平台踩在泥里。


For the first time in Singapore, visitors can step onto them udflats during low tide to get up close with creatures living in the mud. Awalk through the web mimics the instability of walking in a mudflat, while the more adventurous may choose to step off the floating platform into the mud.

 

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互动活动区©Ramboll Studio Dreiseitl


双溪布洛湿地保护区总体规划巩固了双溪布洛在国际自然保护中的重要地位,同时仍满足市民的休闲娱乐需求。在保护核心空间的策略下设计合理的活动区域,利用栈道链接近距离地观察,互动式的教育活动,让市民能够体验保护区内良好的生态环境和丰富的生物多样性,同时保留场地的敏感自然特征。双溪布洛湿地保护区使新加坡成为全球范围内的宜居城市,并且成为一个吸引人的全球目的地。


The masterplan aims to anchor Sungei Buloh‘s position in international nature conservation while still meeting the local recreational needs of Singaporeans.The master plan defines a spatial strategy which protects an inner core. Asustainably designed activities loop with interactive and educational stationslets local people experience this outstanding natural environment while still conserving the site’s sensitive, natural characteristics. The Sungei Buloh Wetland Parkhelps make Singapore a great place to live and is an attractive global destination showcasing the reserve’s rich biodiversity.

项目地址:新加坡西北部
项目委托:新加坡国家公园委员会
设计内容:总体规划,公园设计和自然保护
项目面积:161Ha
设计时间:2011
景观设计:安博戴水道
工程建设:新加坡CPG集团
所获奖项:亚太地区国际景观设计师协会(IFLA)杰出景观奖,新加坡景观协会(SILA)金奖,新加坡未来城市奖
 
Location: North West of Singapore
Client: Singapore National Park Board
Expertise: Master Plan, Park Design & Nature Conservation
Area: 161 hectares
Design time: 2011
Construction time: 2012- 2013
Landscape design: Ramboll Studio Dreiseitl
C
onstruction: Singapore CPG Group
Award:The Outstanding Landscape Award of the International Association of Landscape Architects in Asia Pacific (IFLA),the Singapore Landscape Association (SILA) Gold Award,Singapore Future City Award.




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