MVRDV设计的慕尼黑「12号工厂」获2021年DAM德国建筑大奖
阅读:1801 2021-02-09
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德国建筑博物馆 (DAM, Deutsches Architekturmuseum) 将2021年的德国建筑奖 (DAM Preis) 授与MVRDV设计的12号工厂 (WERK12),这是一座混合功能的建筑,也是慕尼黑Werksviertel-Mitte地区的重点项目。作为该奖项的获得者,12号工厂也是本届德国建筑奖展览的亮点,该展览将依据疫情状况尽快开放,并成为《2021年德国建筑年鉴》 (German Architecture Yearbook 2021) 的头版头条。

The Deutsches Architekturmuseum has awarded the 2021 DAM Preis to MVRDV’s WERK12, a mixed-use building that serves as the focal point in Munich’s Werksviertel-Mitte district. As the winner of the award WERK12 is the highlight of the DAM Preis exhibition, which will open as soon as Covid-19 restrictions will allow, and headlines the German Architecture Yearbook 2021.


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图/Image: © Ossip van Duivenbode



DAM德国建筑奖(DAM Preis für Architektur)是德国最负盛名的建筑大奖。自2007年以来,德国建筑博物馆每年都将该奖项授予德国最杰出的新建筑。每年,由博物馆提名100个候选项目,再由建筑师、建筑评论家和其他专家组成评审团,进行多轮评选,最终产生唯一的获奖者。

The DAM Preis für Architektur in Deutschland is the most prestigious architecture award in Germany. Since 2007, the Deutsches Architekturmuseum has awarded the prize annually to the best new building in Germany. Each year, the museum selects a list of 100 nominees, which a jury composed of architects, critics, and other experts narrows down through successive rounds before finally crowning a winner.


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图/Image: © Ossip van Duivenbode



12号工厂于2019年竣工,由MVRDV与N-V-O Nuyken von Oefele Architekten建筑事务所共同完成,成为Werksviertel-Mitte区的核心地标,该区域曾是慕尼黑东站附近的工业区,如今正逐步复兴成为容纳创意产业、休闲娱乐的重要领域。这座综合性建筑包括餐厅、酒吧、办公以及一个高三层、包含游泳池的体育馆,醒目的外观和墙体表面五米高的大胆字母设计使其从周围的老工业建筑中脱颖而出,这件城市艺术作品的完成也归功于MVRDV和当地艺术家Engl&Engelmann的创意合作,后者根据MVRDV的建议,在幕墙上添加文字,从德国漫画中选取了一些常用语,为项目增添了趣味和个性。

Completed in 2019 with co-architects N-V-O Nuyken von Oefele Architekten, WERK12 forms the nucleus of Werksviertel-Mitte, a formerly industrial area close to Munich’s East Station that is regenerating into a key district for creative industries, leisure, and more. The mixed-use building containing restaurants and bars, offices, and a three-storey gym with a pool, stands out thanks to its bold and expressive façade featuring five-metre-tall lettering. This urban art piece was developed in tandem with local artists Engl&Engelmann who, expanding on MVRDV’s proposal to add lettering to the façade, selected verbal expressions found in German comics to give the project a playful attitude.


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12号工厂采用了简单的形式、质朴的材料和透明的外墙,拥有丰富的交通动线:建筑东北侧为外部动线核心,每层都拥有3.25米宽的露台。外部折线形的楼梯将这些宽敞的开放空间连接起来(以一种充满趣味的方式致敬MVRDV最著名的早期项目之一 -- 2000年汉诺威世博会荷兰馆)。

WERK12 combines a simple form, honest materials, and transparent façades. Users can move around the building in multiple ways: the design’s external circulation core on the building’s north-eastern side is supplemented by 3.25-metre-wide terraces that surround each floor of the building. These are connected by external staircases curling around the building to connect these generous open spaces (a playful reference to one of MVRDV’s most famous early projects, the Dutch Pavilion at the Expo 2000 in Hanover).


以上的特点为建筑物带来灵活的空间性能,适应未来可能产生的不同布局。每层楼高5.5米,未来可依据使用需求设置夹层。这种永续的设计理念是12号工厂开发策略的重要部分,使之能够为Werksviertel-Mitte地区的发展做出长期、可持续的贡献

These features create a building that is extremely flexible in its use and can be adapted to future uses with different layouts. With 5.5 metres between storeys, the building can even accommodate the addition of mezzanine levels if they are required for future uses. This design for longevity is a key part of the building’s strategy to make a long-term, sustainable contribution to the Werksviertel-Mitte district.


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MVRDV的创始合伙人、12号工厂的主创设计师Jacob van Rijs说:“很荣幸获得DAM德国建筑奖,尤其是对于像12号工厂这样一个轻松愉快的项目来说。建筑的世界可能是非常严肃的,有时甚至会有些沉闷,因此可以肯定的是,陪审团能够感受到并欣赏12号工厂对Werksviertel-Mitte地区的趣味性价值。更令我感到骄傲的是,评委们能够在大胆直接的立面背后,看到我们对一些非常相关的话题的思考和探讨,并通过巧思妙法,使之能够为其所在的城市做出持久的贡献。”

“It’s an honour to receive the DAM Preis, especially for a building like WERK12 which presents itself in such a light-hearted way”, says MVRDV Founding Partner Jacob van Rijs. “The architecture world can be quite serious, even dull sometimes, so it’s reassuring that the jury was able to appreciate the value of WERK12’s fun addition to Werksviertel-Mitte. Not only that, but I’m proud they were able to see beyond the project’s façade to understand that it is also deals with some very relevant topics in architecture underneath, with a very deliberate approach to making a long-term contribution to the city.”


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“如果建筑能够、并且应该发出声音,那不应该只是背景噪音,” 2021年DAM德国建筑奖评审团成员Anne Femmer说。“12号工厂发出了很大的声音,但它传达出了很重要的观点:如果你真心愿意,你可以让建筑变得灵活、普世、坚固、开放、具有雕塑般的质感,但同时能够放松、不失欢快。

“If architecture can and should speak, it cannot all be just background noise”, says Anne Femmer, jury member for the 2021 DAM Preis. “WERK 12 shouts out – but it has important things to say: If you really want, you can be flexible, universal, robust, open, sculpted, and still be cheerful.”



由于疫情,今年DAM德国建筑奖的颁奖典礼只能在线举行,在博物馆确认可以安全向公众开放后,人们可以去现场参观德国建筑奖展览。在此之前,可以在www.dam-preis.de和www.dam-online.de网站上在线查看有关德国建筑奖的部分内容。

Due to Covid-19 restrictions, this year the awards ceremony for the DAM Preis was held online, and the exhibition will be presented to visitors as soon as the museum in Frankfurt am Main can be safely opened to the public. Until then, some parts can be seen online at www.dam-preis.de and www.dam-online.de. 


点击下方图片,了解有关12号工厂的更多内容。
click the image below to read the complete story of WERK12

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图/Image: © Ossip van Duivenbode


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