展望2022,我们的城市将会如何变化?
阅读:6050 2021-11-01

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WATG对印度尼西亚新区未来的展望

WATG’s vision for a new town development in Indonesia



虽然现在去评判这次疫情对于城市空间规划的影响未免有些过早,但不可否认的是,过去这18个月鼓励了所有人重新考虑我们与生活、工作和娱乐场所的外观、感受及功能之间的关系。2022年会是充满变化的一年吗?我们邀请到了城市规划及建筑大师共同分享对于未来城市发展的预测,从对心理健康的强调到单一用途区域划分的终止,再到家庭模式的演变等等。 

While it’s still too early to sense the pandemic’s permanent impact on our urban spaces, there is no denying that the past eighteen months has encouraged everyone to reconsider their relationship with the look, feel and function of the places we live, work and play. Could 2022 be the year we see real change? Our master planning and landscape architects share their predictions for the future of our cities, from greater emphasis on mental health to the end of single-use zoning, the evolution of the home, and more.



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休斯顿市中心,德克萨斯州,by Vlad Busuioc

Downtown Houston, Texas, by Vlad Busuioc



#01

是时候向休斯顿学习了 

 Learning from Houston… finally.


位于德克萨斯州的休斯顿是美国少数几个没有传统土地使用法和严格分区的城市之一。虽然建筑法规仍适用,但在美国乃至全世界大多数城市鲜明的 “单一用途分区”现象,在休斯顿几乎完全见不到。因此,随着时间的推移,许多最初只为单一目的而建的居所都已形成了充满活力的混合用途社区。像Montrose这样的社区允许酒吧、咖啡馆和理发店在过去建造的独户住宅内同时经营。此类条件下产生的活力、灵活性和创造性,在某种意义上也是我们希望新冠肺炎疫情的影响能为世界上其他城市所带来的新事物。我猜想,此次疫情将对分区和发展法规的重新评估带来长期的影响。例如,我们如何定义 “好城市”,以及如何确保它们能够在适当的监管下发展。

Houston, Texas, is one of the few cities in the US without a strong zoning and land use law tradition. Building codes apply, of course, but the “single-use zoning” so evident in most US cities and in many others around the world is almost entirely absent. As a result, vibrant, mixed-use neighbourhoods have developed over time in many places that were originally built for a single purpose. Neighbourhoods like Montrose permit bars, coffee shops, and hairdressers to operate in former single-family homes. The resulting vibrancy, flexibility, and inventiveness is what COVID will – hopefully – bring to other cities around the world.

A reassessment of zoning and development regulations overall is what I predict will be the longer-term impact of the pandemic: how we define the “Good City” and how to ensure it can be developed in appropriate regulatory environments.


—Chris Panfil,副总裁兼城市规划及设计总监

—Chris Panfil, Vice President and Director of Planning and Urban Design



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WATG纽约市Flatiron District的绿色愿景

WATG‘s vision for a greener Flatiron Districtin NYC



#02

将自然与人类紧密相连

Stronger connections between nature and humankind


对我而言,这一切都和城市设计与改善居住者的心理健康密不可分。我们与心理学家Dr Audrey Tang在这方面合作了很多年。这两者间的联系正变得越发紧密,尤其在城市,因为我们正试图阻止自己经历一场心理疾病的散播。

For me, it’s all about the connection between urban design and improving mental health. We have been working with a specialist, psychologist Dr Audrey Tang, on this for a number of years now. This bond will only become stronger, especially in cities, as we try to stem the pandemic of ill mental health that our species is currently weathering.


—John Goldwyn CMLI, 高级副总裁兼规划及景观设计总监

—John Goldwyn CMLI, Senior Vice President and Director of Planning and Landscape



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在城市住宅中,关注的焦点已经从如何节省空间转向打造灵活性的室内外流动空间,例如这些“雨林别墅”。

In urban residential, the conversation has shifted from space saving to flexibility and indoor-outdoor flow – like in these Rainforest Villas



#03

对于开放空间的逐渐认可,尤其是在家中

Increased appreciation of space and open spaces, especially at home


城市公寓的空间正在变得越来越小:迷你厨房、减少的浴室、迷你存储空间加上几乎不再存在的阳台。当我们重新审视在家中度过的时光以及与室内外空间的关系,不难发现自己正从对于空间的节省转向对于空间的灵活运用。我们开始尝试合并小空间以创造更大的住宅,并重新规划阳台和储藏室。

Urban apartments are becoming smaller and smaller: kitchenettes, fewer bathrooms, minimal storage, and almost definitely no balcony. As we reevaluate the hours spent at home, and our relationship with space both indoors and out, this narrative is shifting from saving space to making it more flexible. Allowing units to be combined to create larger homes, and bringing back the balcony and storage room, will be in.


从户外空间来说,我们也看到了类似的趋势。由此可见开放空间的重要性,尤其当人们不想或无法走得太远时。新加坡在这方面做得很好,那里的公园和开放空间存在于各类场景中,包括各个独立社区内。

Outside, we’re seeing similar trends. We have seen just how important open spaces are, especially when people do not want to venture too far or are not permitted from doing so. Singapore does a great job at this where parks and open spaces are at every level/hierarchy, including individual communities.


这两种趋势都不是前所未有的,但我相信他们会逐渐影响:

Neither of these trends are particularly new, but I do believe they will lead to:

1

城市对于“家”这一概念的转变,无论从人口数量还是家庭类型来说;

A shift in the idea of a ‘home’ in a city, irrespective of the demographic/family type


2

人们对于城市中的开放空间和其使用性的重视度将会日益增长。

Even more importance placed on open spaces and their treatment within cities.

—Sindhuja Mahapatra, 协同人兼项目规划师

—Sindhuja Mahapatra, Associate and Project Planner



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英国伦敦广场概念图

A concept for a square in London, UK



#04

户外空间的灵活性和多样性

Flexibility and the many faces of outdoor space


如今一日游和丰富的户外体验正变得越来越受欢迎。2022年,向公众开放公寓或酒店的设施和游泳池、水上乐园以及私人海滩这一做法将继续大行其道(当然,一部分也归功于其创造了新的收入来源)。在亚太地区,这一趋势正在蓬勃发展。尤其对于情侣和家庭而言,相比于过夜,他们更愿意花一天的时间逃离城市生活的纷扰。

Daycations and other flexible outdoor experiences are becoming increasingly popular. Opening an apartment or hotel’s facilities and pools, water play and private beaches to the public (and thus, of course, creating new revenue streams) will continue to be big in 2022. In Asia Pacific, this trend is booming – especially among couples and families who would rather escape for a day instead of packing up and spending the night.


我们对于户外活动的依赖以及想要逃离固有生活模式的欲望也将改变我们对于城市公共空间的利用方式。随着人们越发相信户外活动对身心健康的帮助,去公园野餐这一活动将会逐渐受欢迎。此外,要说新加坡人对什么有经验,那必定是伴随着绿色公共空间人数增长而出现的酒店业。

Our new reliance on the outdoors and desire to escape will also have an impact on how urban public spaces are used. As people come to appreciate the mental and physical health benefits of being outdoors more and more, picnicking and dining in parks will likely continue. And, if Singapore is anything to go by, the uptick in people will also see an uptick in hospitality businesses around the perimeters of green or public space.


—Natalie Shea Faber,高级协同人、高级项目规划师、景观设计师

—Natalie Shea Faber, Senior Associate, Senior Planner and Landscape Architect



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CasiCielo旨在通过在巴拿马的Bocas del Toro半岛建立一个新的 “有意识的社区”,以推动孵化全球企业家、创造力和变革。

CasiCielo sets out to catalyze global entrepreneurship, creativity and change with a new “conscious community” and authentic sense of place on Panama’s Bocas del Toro peninsula



#05

向更有创意的运动迈进

A move to more innovative movement


人们在2020至2021年间逐渐放弃公共交通的使用,取而代之的是自行车和其他替代性的交通工具。不得不说,我认为这样的趋势会继续增加势头。这意味着设计作品的服务对象终将是人和地球,而不是汽车!创新的交通工具和其他替代性解决方案对于城市的未来发展而言是必不可少的,这同时也会推动绿色空间的规划和设计,从根本上改善人们的心理健康和生活质量。

People’s retreat from public transport (and, indeed, public life, at times) saw a rise in cycling and alternative transport means in 2020 and 2021, and I suspect that will only continue to gain momentum. What that means: designing for people and the planet, not cars! Innovative transportation and alternative solutions will be essential to future-proofed cities, and there will also be a greater push towards green space planning and design for improved mental health and general wellbeing.


—Marcel Padmos, 助理副总裁兼高级规划师

—Marcel Padmos, Associate Vice President and Senior Planner



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中国吉林省北大湖支教镇

Bei Da Hu Support Town in China’s Jilin Province



#06

本地化的体验,生态小镇以及全新的公共交通工具

Local experiences, eco townships, and a new kind of public transport


我所看到未来的三大趋势,虽无一是前所未有的,却都在2020年全球停摆后获得了巨大的认可及鼓励。首先,是对于国内游和第二套住宅的持续关注,这是因为人们仍在寻找新的居所及其带来的全新居住体验。其二,是当涉及到新的乡镇和城市地区规划时,人们对于生态和可持续发展的强调,东南亚地区对此支持率尤其高。其三,是对于公共交通系统的高度重视,需要更具包容性和弹性的交通系统,并时刻以满足乘客需求为首要任务。

I see three major trends ahead – none of which are new, but all have gained significant momentum since the global shutdown in 2020. First, is the continued focus on domestic tourism and second home ownership as people seek new local experiences and destinations. Second, is more emphasis on eco and sustainable practices and places when it comes to new townships and urban areas – especially in Southeast Asia. Third, we’ll see increased importance placed on effective public transit systems: more inclusive and resilient and designed to meet the needs of their passengers.


—Thi Thu Huyen Pham, 高级规划师

—Thi Thu Huyen Pham, Senior Planner



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