Fuding Hospital: a small city, not a big building
Fuding Hospital is a regional general hospital situated in a small city but servicing a large catchment area of northern Fujian province. It includes the departments of: emergency, maternity, gynecology, pediatrics, Infectious Diseases, Medical Technology, General Surgical Clinics, Administration, wards for 2600 patients; as well as providing the outpatient services of Consultation Room, Operation Room, lmaging, B Ultrasound Center, Chinese Medicine Storage, Nurse Station, Blood Station, Endoscope Centre, etc.
The challenge for hospitals can be seen as the provision of hardware (the built fabric) and software (latest technology). Most hospitals can, and do accommodate the software, but the hardware often leaves a lot to be desired. Beyond these essential challenges this design challenges the nation’s formulaic healthcare approach and provides bold inspiring, spaces and expression for the healing and welcoming of both patients and visitors.
The challenge for us was to:
1.) 连接内外空间；带阳台的病房、带庭院花园和露台的科室，以及带门廊和大型景观广场的主要流通空间；Connect internal and external spaces; ward rooms with balconies, departments with courtyard gardens and terraces, and primary circulation spaces with porticos and generously landscaped plazas;
2.) 创建具有街道感觉的走道空间，让病人远离病痛感及传统医院的感受；Create street scale circulation gallerias that provide an escape from the focus on illness and sterility;
3.) 将医院内部的主要交通空间与户外景观设计相互渗透；Connect the primary internal circulation with the site’s urban and landscape design framework;
4.）在建筑进深巨大的情况下，确保为患者和工作人员提供充足的照明和通风。Ensure well-lit and ventilated spaces, within the necessarily large footprint, for patients and staff;
5.）让工作人员和患者一天中大部分时间都能看到河流和山景；Capture the river and mountain views from spaces where staff and patients spend most of the day;
6.) 创造导向清晰易读的交通空间— 空间导向直接体现在建筑空间的设计上，而不仅仅依赖标识标牌；Create clear and legible circulation spaces – way finding built into the architecture, not just the application of signage;
7.)在不影响光线、通风、外观和清晰流通的前提下，为未来的扩建留下余地和选择。Accommodate a number of options for future expansion WITHOUT compromising light, ventilation, outlook, and clear and legible circulation.
While most architects would see a hospital as a big complex building or a collection of buildings, as architects, urban designers and landscape architects, we were struck by the similarities between the design issues of hospitals and those of (small) cities – the need for Permeability, Variety,Legibility, Robustness, Visual Appropriateness, Richness, and Personalization.
Learning from the major and minor axes of Roman cities we made two large, site scaled street-like organizing gestures: the Tube and the Colonnade. The Tube is a relaxed and abstractly composed four-storey high space that runs east-west. It has views to the river at the western end and of a geological excavation at the other. The Colonnade is a more ordered and repetitively designed space that runs north-south. It is also four-storeys high. It has longer distance views of the river to the south and to the ward buildings to the north. The tube is currently under construction as part of stage 2.
The design, materials, colour, and detailing of the Tube and the Colonnade are distinctly different from each other. Each of the departments have been allocated a colour and that colour is used in the exterior and interior of the building in innovate ways. These gestures break down the scale of the buildings and provide an aesthetic of a collection of a variety of buildings, not a large scaleless institution.
Finally a variety of views have been provided: from long distant views of the river and the city of Fuding, to small and intimate views into carefully crafted garden coutyards for patients and staff.
The Tube and the Colonnade not only provide permeability through the site, they also provide a clear and strong focus for orientation and way-finding through this large and complex project.
In addition, colour in the department and ward buildings is used to visually link lift lobbies to reception areas and nurses stations – so, if you do get lost, just follow the coloured wall and you will be led to either a reception area or a nurses station or back to the lift lobby.
The Tube and Colonnade provide each department three opportunities for future expansion without compromising permeability or legibility: two horizontally, away from the Tube and Colonnade; and of course vertically, by adding future floors.
This is a public program, and the architectural language of the exterior and interior has been carefully considered to be cost effective, robust, clean, efficient, functional, contemporary, and human scaled, despite it size. The staff, the equipment, the services, and the building – ALL are part of a people oriented technology to make you well.
The project presents a rich and complex series of internal and external spaces that have been achieved through the co-existence of a series of clear, strong, yet simple design gestures.
两条主轴街道以及各部门和病房内颜色的使用，分解了该项目的规模，并为各部门病房提供了清晰而有力的导向——这是个性化元素的集合，而不是一个无定形的机构。在病房和房间规模上，大量墙面采用的材料为患者和工作人员提供个性化表达的空间。The Tube, the Colonnade, and the use of colour within the departments and wards, breaks down the scale of this project and provides each department wards their own clear and strong identity – this is an assembly of individual elements, not a amorphous institution. At the ward and room scale, the numerous walls of pin-up material will provide the opportunity for the patients and the staff to personalize their own spaces.
Location: Fuding, Fujian Province, China
Client: Fuding Hospital
建设面积: 建筑面积: 309431平方米（一期：120343平方米，二期：100589平方米，远期：88499平方米）；基地面积: 176734平方米（一期及二期：133408平方米，远期：43326平方米）
Construction Area: Floor area: 309431m2 (stage one: 120343m2, stage two: 100589m2, future stage: 88499m2). Site area: 176734m2(stage one+ two: 133408m2, future stage: 43326m2)
Engineering, Hospital Planning & Documentation: Zhejiang Modern Architectural Design & Research Institute Co.,Ltd
Landscape Construction Documentation: Zhejiang Modern Architectural Design &
Research Institute Co.,Ltd